Whenever people say “Water is life“, they aren’t speaking contrary to the truth. Indeed, life itself is composed of water. However, the same water that makes/made life possible can also be a source of its destruction if consumed in an unsuitable state.
Water is often a natural habitat of myriads of harmful microorganisms (pathogens), as well as a lodge for toxins, metals, and lethal substances. Hence, it must be made suitable for drinking by various purification techniques to prevent the introduction of contaminants into our body systems. Failure to purify water before consumption could lead to a great number of health conditions.
This article is aimed at enlightening the masses on the purification techniques of filtration and application of heat/sunlight.
METHODS OF PURIFYING WATER:
Filtering through Contaminants
1. Utilize commercial water filter.
A commercial water filter is the simplest and best approach to channel dregs, microorganisms, metals, and different contaminations from water. These channels contain exceptional materials like charcoal, carbon, clay, sand, and fabric that are extraordinarily intended to sift through perilous contaminations.
There are various sorts of filters you can utilize, including:
I) Whole-home funnels that channel all the water that comes into your home.
II) Point-of-use filters that get introduced on explicit taps and channel water that emerges from the fixture.
III) Countertop filters that you fill physically with water.
IV) Water jugs and straws with inbuilt water channels.
V) Handheld UV water purifiers that eliminate microorganisms, infections, and different impurities from little amounts of water.
VI) Refrigerator channels, de-ionizers, and certain water tanks (like Brita or Pur) can additionally decontaminate water so it is protected and tastes great.
2. Channel out microbes with pine trees.
Certain plants are successful at eliminating microorganisms from water, and pine trees are among the awesome.
To eliminate infections and microscopic organisms from your water, eliminate a little branch from a pine tree.
Strip the bark from the stick and spot the exposed stick into a can.
Gradually pour the water, allowing it to stream onto the stick and into the can.
As the water streams over the sap inside the stick, the sap will trap and gather microbes in the water.
3. Eliminate substantial metals with cilantro.
Similarly as pine trees are viable at eliminating microorganisms, so too is cilantro brilliant at eliminating weighty metals from water.
Fill a pitcher with water and spot a modest bunch of cilantro leaves into the pitcher.
Mix the water and let the leaves sit in the water for in any event 60 minutes. Eliminate and dispose of the cilantro prior to drinking the water.
Cilantro has been demonstrated to be compelling at eliminating lead and nickel from water, however it has not been tried for other hefty metals like arsenic and mercury.
4. Channel the water through a clay pot to eliminate microbes.
Ceramic and clay are permeable materials that permit water to drain through, yet they trap microbes, protozoa, and silt. Since they trap these foreign substances, clay pots can be utilized to clean water, particularly water polluted with Escherichia coli.
To refine water with a clay pot:
Place the lower part of a clay pot on top of a container or pail with an opening of comparable size.
Fill the mud pot with water
Permit the water to drench the pot and stream through the mud, filling the container underneath.
Destroying Pathogens with Heat or Sunshine
1. Heat up the water.
Boiling is an extraordinary method to eliminate microbes, infections, and parasites from water. Fill a pot with water and heat it over medium-high temperature , or over a fire. Heat the water to the point of boiling and let it sit at a moving bubble for around 10 minutes. Allow the water to cool prior to drinking.
Water sanitization commonly occurs following three to five minutes, yet particularly at higher altitudes, you should heat up the water more.
Boiling alone won’t eliminate hefty metals or compound impurities from water, yet heating up the water with the inner part of a cactus plant could eliminate extra toxins, like arsenic.
2. Distill the water with a sun-based still.
Distillation is a successful method to eliminate numerous pollutants from water, including hefty metals, microorganisms, salt, and even radiation.
You can manufacture your own sun-based still to gather and distill groundwater. All you need is a container to gather water, a digging tool, and a sheet of plastic.
A sun-oriented still will work best in moist soil that has bunches of dampness to gather.
To make the still so you don’t need to dismantle it, embed a drinking straw or cylinder into the compartment.
3. Utilize the SODIS technique.
SODIS is an abbreviation for Solar Water Disinfection , and when done appropriately, it’s a powerful technique for killing microorganisms in water.
Fill a clean and smooth plastic container with water. Curve on the cover, and place the container on its side in direct daylight for six hours to kill parasites, microbes, and infections.
This technique works in light of the fact that the plastic acts to trap heat from the sun inside the jug, and the Ultraviolet beams purify the water.
As seen in this write-up, water can be made suitable for drinking by filtration process and application of heat and sunlight. Now, go ahead and purify your drinking water today.