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How to Register Trademark in Nigeria


Have you seen this ® symbol next to any brand name?

If you have, it shows that the brand in question is a registered trademark. This means that the owner has the backing of the court to take legal action against the offender who used it without their permission.

So in this post, you will learn how to register a trademark that will distinguish you from others.

Let’s dive in.

The Agency in Charge of Trademark Registration in Nigeria

The legislation in Nigeria, which handles the registration of trademarks is the Trade Mark Act.

The government agency in charge of this registration include:

  • Trademarks
  • Patents and Design Registration
  • Commercial Law Department
  • Federal Ministry of Industry, Trade, and Investment

They are charged with the responsibility of registering trademarks and other related documents.

Nigeria works with the Nice Agreement and under this Agreement, there are “45 classes” of trademarks. So registering your trademark under the appropriate class is important.

Who is Allowed to Get a Trademark in Nigeria

Only accredited companies and individuals are allowed to register trademarks in Nigeria.

To get your trademark registered, you need the services of an agent or patent attorney to handle the process for you.

What are the Things Eligible for Registration

The eligible things for trademark registration include:

  • Brand
  • Name
  • Device
  • Signature
  • Label
  • Word
  • Heading
  • Letter

And for it to be eligible for registration, it must have at least any of the following:

  • Name of the company or individual represented in a specific manner
  • The applicant’s signature
  • Invented word(s)
  • Any distinctive symbol or mark

Trademark Registration Requirements

The requirements include the following:

  • Logo, this may include Device and or Words
  • The details of the applicant
  • The products or services to be covered by the trademark
  • Authorization of agent or the power of attorney

Reasons for Registering Your Trademark

First, your trademark can be an asset. This means that it can either appreciate or depreciate.

Let’s consider some examples of trademarks that are appreciated and they include Facebook, Apple, Coca-Cola, LinkedIn, etc.

This can only happen if you can grow your business reputation and customer base. You have to start by making your brand more valuable.

So this means as your business grows, registering your trademark should be your top priority.

Second, trademarks last forever. You have to bear in mind that you will keep renewing your trademark but technically the trademark is yours forever.

Third, registering your trademark will give you an exclusive use or right of the trademark. That’s why you must register it, because unlike the copyright, where there’s no protection automatically vested in the owner.

This shows that you have the power to take any legal action against anyone that uses it without your permission.

Fourth, a trademark represents your business’s brand and identity. So before choosing your brand name and logo, find out if it’s available and won’t in any way infringe on any existing trademark.

Also, understand that this process is different from business registration. So I recommend you hire the services of a lawyer to handle this process for you because your trademark will distinguish your products or services from others.

The above reasons show clearly that registering your trademark is an investment.

Process of Registering a Trademark

The registration process of trademarks in Nigeria can be divided into three major stages. And they include the following:

1. Trademark search

First, reach out to an agent, usually a lawyer, and brief them about your attention to have your trademark registered.

Second, a search will be conducted to know if your proposed trademark has any resemblance with any registered trademark. And if it’s not, the process will move to the next stage.

2. Trademark application

Since there’s no look-like trademark found, you will then apply to register your trademark. The Registrar will issue to you an “Acceptance Letter”, that’s if your application is considered registrable.

Once the letter is issued, your trademark will be advertised in the Trademark Journal for people’s objections.

3. Application for trademark certificate

The registrar will only give you a certificate of registration if no objection was received after the publication in the journal.

When the certificate is issued to you, on it will be written the date of your first filing, which will stand as the date of registration.

Here in Nigeria, a trademark is valid for seven (7) years and is renewable again in 14 years. Also, know that your trademark will be renewed within three months before the expiration date.


Your trademark can either be registered in color or black and white. However, understand that if your trademark is registered In color, its efficacy will only be limited to the registered color.

While if your trademark is registered in black and white, it can be presented in any color.

Now I’d like to hear your thoughts in the comment box.

1 thought on “How to Register Trademark in Nigeria”

  1. In today’s market, a trademark is a very valuable Intellectual Property. The key to success is to have a distinct brand identity that clients remember. The first step to success is to safeguard your brand’s identity at all costs.
    The list of what can be registered in India includes product names, business names, logos, brand slogans, and even sounds and shapes that give your company a distinct personality. The significance of getting a mark is no longer a topic of debate. As a result, here are five compelling reasons to register your trademark right now.
    1. Create an Asset for Your Business
    2. Not Just a Cost, It Can Be a Revenue System
    3. Never Let Your Customers Be Confused, Build a Unique Identity
    4. Legal Protection Against Infringement
    5. Claim Perpetual Ownership
    6. Bonus: Claim IP Rights in Other Countries

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